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Environmental Behavior of Mineral Deposits

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Mineral District, Virginia

USGS mine drainage activities are currently concentrated in two areas in the Mineral District: the abandoned Valzinco Mine at the northern end of the district, and along Contrary Creek. The Valzinco Mine is in the Knight's Branch watershed north of Lake Anna. Effluent from several abandoned mines, including the Sulfur, the Boyd-Smith, and the Arminius, enter Contrary Creek, which flows into Lake Anna to the North.


Krishnaswamy, R., and Seal, R.R., II, 1998,
Ecological and carbon isotope data for acidophilic algae from abandoned mine sites in Vermont and Virginia [abs.]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, p. A129.

Seal, R.R., II, Krishnaswamy, R., Flohr, M.J.K., Hammarstrom, J. M., and Robbins, E.I., 1996,
Preliminary stable isotope data for acidic drainage from abandoned pyrite mines in the Virginia Piedmont [abs.]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v.28, no. 7, p. 465.

Project Studies: Bald Mountain, ME || Elizabeth Mine and Vermont Copper belt, VT || Prince William Forest Park and Mineral District, VA || Great Smoky Mountains National Park, NC & TN || Laboratory-based studies

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Last Modified: 18 January 2018