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The USGS Mineral Resources Program supports data collection and research on nonfuel mineral resources. We study geologic processes that concentrate known mineral resources at specific localities in the Earth's crust, and assess quantities, qualities, and areas of undiscovered mineral resources, or potential future supply. This allows for an understanding of the complete life cycle of mineral resources and materials, and environmental issues of concern throughout the life cycle. Our Program collaborates with States, Industry, and Academia, as well as International organizations, on most research.

Minerals Information and Material Flow

Domestic and international minerals production, consumption, and materials flow.

Characterization and Identification of Critical Mineral Resources

Research and assessment on the nation and world’s critical mineral resources, including rare earth elements.

Geologic and Mineral Resource Studies in Alaska

Geologic, geophysical, and geochemical studies on the regional geologic framework controlling mineral resource occurrence in Alaska, one of the final domestic frontiers for mineral resource investigations.

Characterization of the Midcontinent Rift and Related Mineral Resources

Data acquisition and multidisciplinary research to image and characterize the Midcontinent rift and related mineral resources, document mineral resource potential, and evaluate mineral environmental impact of mineral development in the region.

Hyperspectral Imaging and Geophysical Surveys

Integrating geophysics and remote sensing with geologic mapping for mineral resource assessments, environmental characterizations, groundwater studies, and human health and ecosystems.

Assessment of Undiscovered Mineral Resources

Topical and geographic-based research evaluating the potential of undiscovered mineral resources and decrease the uncertainty of probabilistic assessments.

Mineral Resources and the Environment

Studies on the interactions of mineral resources with the environment, both natural and as a result of resource extraction.

Mineral Resources Research and Information

Studies to provide information about the genesis, characteristics, and deposit models for the major mineral deposit types.

Laboratories, Analytical Research, and Methods Development

Research on analytical techniques and method development to help characterize mineral resource genesis and mineral environment interactions.

Data Analysis, Inventory, and Delivery

Serving mineral resource and related geoscience data to USGS scientists and the general public.