The MRP is monitored and evaluated regularly by several methods, including:
- Monitoring of effectiveness through the Office of Management and Budget's Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART).
- Measurement of performance through the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA).
- External reviews of MRP by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Science.
These evaluations are designed to ensure that the mission of the Program is conducted efficiently and effectively on behalf of the Nation.